Despite all the challenges and sorrows from the pandemic, many people have enjoyed the reductions in cars, air and noise pollution and opportunities to walk and/or cycle more, in more pleasant and safer surroundings. Walking and cycling for leisure or transport can improve mental and physical health, particularly in green environments or with views of water. The more people who walk, the safer pedestrians are from crime. More walking and cycling is associated with lower road danger.
Reductions in car use also has many other benefits. It reduces community severance, the barrier effect of infrastructure or of busy roads, where the volume and/or speed of motor vehicles prevents people accessing the people, services, and goods they need for wellbeing and a healthy life. It also reduces carbon emissions, helping support the government’s legally binding commitment to major carbon reduction.