Drones have proven to be among the most promising technologies emerging from the Fourth Industrial Revolution drones playing a significant role in
a.Surveillance & Lockdown Enforcement
b. Public Broadcast
c. Monitoring Body Temperatures
d. Medical & emergency food Supplies Delivery
e. Surveying & Mapping
f. Spraying Disinfectant Today global market for drones has grown and so have the debates on the legal, regulatory, and even moral issues are around their use. So far, there is no clear global mechanism to regulate drone activities. There are also issues around the accidents, air collusion, safety and security of the use of drones. Each of these issues require a comprehensive framework for effective regulation in the civilian airspace for domestic security, privacy and legal concerns to addressed effectively. However the challenging aspects are
TERRORIST THREAT MANAGEMENT
the various functions that the drones undertake, there have been a several instances of keen terrorist organization using them to carry on their activities. Policymaking needs to be robust in this sphere as well, to ensure that security agencies are prepared to deal with threats of this nature. ISIS in 2018 started using drones in their operations. Its fighters in Iraq recently used a drone as an explosive to attack Kurdish forces.
AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMET
Drones present a new dimension in the management of air traffic as they are neither easy to track as conventional aircraft nor are as easy to communicate with. an Air India fight almost collided with UAV at Leh airport in 2014.
bringing with it the controversial debate of security versus privacy. Drones operated by non governmental agencies pose a major threat to existing privacy laws. Most UAVs have constantly transmitting cameras that often operate in high definition. Intended infringement of privacy is quite easy also trespass of private property by drones.